BFI Announces UK Film Statistics For 2013

despicable-me-2-minions

Independent figures published today by the BFI show that the UK film industry is making a significant contribution to the UK economy. New tax reliefs for high-end television and animation programmes are helping to drive production investment alongside the existing film tax relief, which plays a major role in attracting international productions to the UK and provides vital support for UK independent productions. Cinema continues to attract UK audiences in their millions.

Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, said: “Today’s figures highlight the valuable cultural and economic contribution that our creative industries make to the UK. These fast growing sectors are creating jobs across the country and each new job means security for another family. I want to build on this success and showcase the world class talent this country has, encouraging more films and TV programmes to be made here.”

Amanda Nevill, CEO of the BFI, says: “Film and television is a global business and these statistics show a vibrant and dynamic picture, demonstrating that the UK is a leading international player in this sector. We are grateful for the Government’s ongoing recognition of the sector’s growth potential and tax reliefs for film, high-end TV and animation, which ensure we remain one of the most attractive and competitive places in the world to do business. The BFI’s role is to maximise these opportunities, and we are actively engaged with government and all our partners in programmes to capitalise on all the opportunities for further growth in established territories such as the US and Europe, and the important emerging territories such as China and Brazil.

“Internationally, our filmmakers, talent and creativity are wowing audiences and attracting critical acclaim at festivals around the world, and have garnered a crop of well deserved awards nominations. However, these figures show that there is still work to be done to grow audiences for British film at home – something which lies at the heart of our Film Forever strategy and is an economic and cultural imperative for the future success of British film.”

Production:

The UK film production sector generated a total spend of £1.075 billion in 2013, a 14% increase on 2012’s £945 million. Within this figure, £868 million was generated by 37 major international films making the UK their production base, having a positive impact on the UK’s film industry in the round by bringing investment, creating jobs, and helping film professionals develop new skills which in turn benefit independent productions.

Inward investment from international film productions accounted for 81% of spend in the UK and accelerated as the year progressed, a credit to the work of the British Film Commission which provides free professional advice to help attract productions from the US to the UK. These 37 films include The Man From U.N.C.L.E, Heart of the Sea and Jupiter Ascending for Warner Bros which owns Warner Leavesden Studios; Muppets Most Wanted, Cinderella and Into the Woods for Walt Disney which has a partnership with Pinewood Studios; Guardians of the Galaxy for Marvel; Far From the Madding Crowd for Fox Searchlight; Ex-Machina, The Secret Service, Frankenstein, Monuments Men (with Sony) and Exodus (with Scott Free) for 20th Century Fox; Modecai for Lionsgate; Good People and Before I Go To Sleep for Millennium Films; and Paddington for StudioCanal.

The momentum for big budget inward investment film and television productions coming to the UK is continuing into 2014 with the new Star Wars, The Avengers: Age of Ultron, 24 and Gallivant all going into production this year.

The film tax relief plays a major role in attracting international productions to the UK and also provides vital support for UK independent productions. Following the introduction of new tax reliefs in 2013, the BFI is for the first time reporting high-end television and television animation production, although the statistics only cover nine months from April when the new tax reliefs for high-end television and animation were introduced. During this period, over £276 million of investment was made in domestic UK productions (£118 million from 36 projects) and inward investment television productions (£158 million from 13 projects) including Game of Thrones, Outlander, Da Vinci’s Demons and Elementary.

Domestic UK film production saw a similar number of films budgeted at £500,000 and upwards made during the year (62 in 2013, down from 65 in 2012), but the total spend of these films was lower – £139 million, down from 2012’s £229 million. The number of co-productions was 36, down from 45 in 2012 with a production spend of £54 million (£75 million in 2012) and included The Trip to Italy (director Michael Winterbottom); Suite Française (director Saul Dibb); Frank (director Lenny Abramson) and Epic (director Ben Hopkins).

The range of UK domestic films that went into production in 2013 reflects a diverse and distinctive UK industry, for example, Mr Turner (writer and director Mike Leigh); Black Sea (director Kevin Macdonald); Belle (director Amma Asante); Posh (director Lone Scherfig); Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa (director Declan Lowney); Locke (director Steven Knight); The Silent Storm (director Corinna McFarlane); Our Robot Overlords (director Jon Wright); Starred Up (director David Mackenzie); The Face of an Angel (director Michael Winterbottom); Untitled Amy Winehouse documentary (director Asif Kapadia); Hello Carter (director Anthony Wilcox); The Theory of Everything (director James Marsh); Nativity 3: Dude, Where’s My Donkey? (director Debbie Isitt); X Plus Y (director Morgan Matthews); ’71 (director Yann Demange) which is premiering in competition at the Berlin Film Festival next week; and Pride (director Matthew Warchus) with its cast of leading British actors.

 

Box office:

2013 marked the third consecutive year that the overall UK box office crossed the £1 billion barrier, though total takings were down 1% on the previous year. Admissions continue to reflect the plateau trend which has typified the UK cinema business over the past decade, with 165.5 million tickets sold, a 4% dip on 2012.

August 2013 proved to be the busiest month of the year with 17.64 million admissions fuelled by Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa, Smurfs 2, Kick-Ass2, The Conjuring and Elysium. A highpoint came at the end of the year with Frozen and The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug helping to produce the strongest December for cinema since 2009 when global hit Avatar was released. However, overall, 2012 was always going to be a hard act to follow with Skyfall, the highest grossing film in UK box office history, playing such a huge part in taking 2012’s ticket sales to 172.5 million.

The 3D animation sequel Despicable Me 2 was the highest grossing film of 2013 with £47.5 million, followed by The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug, Les Misérables , Iron Man 3, Frozen, The Hunger Games: Catching Fire, Monsters University, Man of Steel, Gravity, and The Croods, some of which were co-productions with the UK.

A total of 46 3D films were released in 2013, slightly up on 2012’s 43 releases and with takings of £204.2 million, they represented an 18% market share of the box office.

The highest grossing UK independent release of the year was the BAFTA and Oscar®-nominated Philomena, which grossed over £11 million (up to 19 January) followed by Quartet (£8.6 million), I Give It A Year (£6.2 million), Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa (£6.17 million) and Sunshine on Leith (£4.6 million). These films, together with US studio-backed British films such as Les Misérables, Gravity, World War Z, and Fast & Furious 6, all featuring UK cast, crew, locations, facilities, post-production and often British source material, gave the UK a combined market share of 21% (16% for UK/US studio-backed films, 6% for British independent films).

The UK box office

The highest grossing film in 2013 was Despicable Me 2, with takings of £47.5 million (up to 19 January 2014). In second place was The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (£41.6 million) and Les Misérables (£40.8 million). These three films were the only 2013 releases to take more than £40 million (up to 19 January).

 

Table 1 – Top 20 films released in the UK and Republic of Ireland, 2013

Title Countryof origin

Box office

Gross (£m)

Distributor
1 Despicable Me 2 * USA

47.46

Universal
2 The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug * USA/NZ

41.59

Warner Bros
3 Les Misérables UK

40.82

Universal
4 Iron Man 3 USA/China

36.97

Walt Disney
5 Frozen * USA

34.17

Walt Disney
6 The Hunger Games: Catching Fire * USA

33.79

Lionsgate
7 Monsters University * USA

30.69

Walt Disney
8 Man of Steel USA

29.95

Warner Bros
9 Gravity * UK/USA

28.85

Warner Bros
10 The Croods * USA

26.78

20th Century Fox
11 Star Trek: Into Darkness USA

25.82

Paramount
12 Fast & Furious 6 UK/USA

25.27

Universal
13 Wreck-It Ralph USA

23.78

Walt Disney
14 Thor: The Dark World * UK/USA

19.85

Walt Disney
15 The Hangover Part III USA

19.32

Warner Bros
16 Captain Phillips * UK/USA

16.09

Sony Pictures
17 Django Unchained USA

15.74

Sony Pictures
18 The Great Gatsby Aus/USA

15.73

Warner Bros
19 Oz: The Great and Powerful USA

15.28

Walt Disney
20 World War Z UK/USA

14.57

Paramount

 

Source: Rentrak

Notes:

Box office gross = cumulative gross up to 19 January 2014.

* Film still being exhibited on 19 January 2014.

UK and Republic of Ireland are a single “territory” for film distribution purposes.

 

Philomena was the highest-grossing UK independent film of 2013 with box office takings of £10.8 million (up to 19 January 2014). This was the only UK independent film to take more than £10 million but, as Table 2 shows, three others, Quartet, I Give It a Year and Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa all took more than £5 million.

 

Table 2 – Top 20 independent UK films released in the UK and Republic of Ireland, 2013

Title Countryof origin

Box office

Gross (£m)

Distributor
1 Philomena * UK

10.79

20th Century Fox
2 Quartet UK

8.59

eOne Films
3 I Give It a Year UK/Fra/Ger

6.22

StudioCanal
4 Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa UK

6.17

StudioCanal
5 Sunshine on Leith * UK

4.61

Entertainment
6 Filth UK

3.90

Lionsgate
7 Red 2 UK/USA

2.90

eOne Films
8 All Stars UK/Ger

2.50

Vertigo
9 One Chance UK

2.46

Entertainment
10 The Harry Hill Movie * UK

2.45

Entertainment
11 Song for Marion UK

2.07

eOne Films
12 Diana UK/Bel/Fra

1.94

eOne Films
13 The Counsellor * UK

1.87

20th Century Fox
14 Moshi Monsters: The Movie * UK

1.60

Universal
15 Le Week-End * UK/Fra

1.44

Curzon
16 Welcome to the Punch UK

1.17

eOne Films
17 Summer in February UK

0.52

Metrodome
18 The Stone Roses: Made of Stone UK

0.51

Picturehouse
19 How I Live Now UK

0.48

eOne Films
20 The Look of Love UK

0.47

StudioCanal

Source: Rentrak, BFI RSU analysis

Notes:

Box office gross = cumulative gross up to 19 January 2014.

* Film still being exhibited on 19 January 2014.

UK and Republic of Ireland are a single “territory” for film distribution purposes.

 

The market share of US studio-backed UK films (films wholly or part-financed by US studios but featuring UK cast, crew, locations, facilities, post-production and often UK source material) was 16%, down from 23% in 2012 (Table 4). Independent UK films shared 6% of the market.

 

Table 4 Theatrical market share of UK films by studio and independent titles, 2003-2013

Year

Market share of UK qualifying films produced with US studio backing (%)

Market share of UK independent films (%)

2003

12.5

3.4

2004

19.5

3.9

2005

26.2

6.9

2006

14.4

4.7

2007

21.8

6.8

2008

25.4

5.7

2009

8.5

8.2

2010

18.6

5.4

2011

22.6

13.1

2012

22.8

9.3

2013

15.5

6.0

Source: BFI

Note:

2013 market share calculation based on grosses up to and including 19 January 2014

 

Production in the UK in 2013

The aggregate UK spend of features that started principal photography in 2013 was £1,075 million, up from £945 million in 2012. Inward investment films contributed £868 million, domestic UK films £152 million and co-productions £54 million. UK spend for co-productions and domestic UK films was lower in 2013 than in 2012, by £20 million and £95 million respectively. However, for inward investment films UK spend increased by £245 million. Between 2008 and 2013, UK spend peaked in 2011 at £1,325 million, with inward investment being the largest contributor (Table 1).

 

In this report, domestic feature films are broken down by budget: films with a budget equal to or greater than £500,000, in 2013 accounting for 91% of UK spend on domestic films, and films with a budget less than £500,000. Domestic films with a budget greater than or equal to £500,000 had a UK spend of £139 million in 2013, down from £229 million in 2012. Domestic films with a budget less than £500,000 had a UK spend of £14 million in 2013, down from £18 million in 2012.

 

 

Table 1 – UK spend of features produced in the UK, 2008 – 2013, £ million

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Co-productions

51.7

38.6

76.2

55.3

74.6

54.2

Domestic UK features

236.0

242.1

201.2

199.5

247.1

152.4

Of which budgets >£500,000

221.5

224.3

176.6

182.4

229.2

138.9

Of which budgets <£500,000

14.5

17.8

24.6

17.1

17.9

13.6

Inward investment feature films

434.7

834.6

1,011.2

1,070.3

623.4

868.3

Total

722.1

1,115.3

1,288.7

1,325.1

945.1

1,074.9

 

Source: BFI

Data are rounded to the nearest £0.1m so may not sum exactly to the totals shown.

Films are allocated to the calendar year in which principal photography commenced.

Films at all budget levels are included in this analysis. For pre-2008 data restricted to films with budgets £500,000 see the BFI Statistical Yearbook2013 www.bfi.org.uk/statisticalyearbook2013.

 

In 2013, 239 films started principal photography in the UK, the lowest annual number for 2008-13. Of these, 37 were inward investment films, 166 were domestic UK features and 36 were co-productions (Table 2).

 

Domestic films produced with budgets greater than or equal to £500,000 decreased from 65 in 2012 to 62 in 2013 and the number of domestic films with a budget less than £500,000 are recorded as decreasing from 177 to 104. This number should however be treated as an interim result as there is a time lag in obtaining detailed information on all low and micro-budget activity in the UK. For example, for 2012 the recorded number of low budget productions increased by 23% between the January 2013 statistics release and the updated 2012 report in the 2013 Statistical Yearbook. All of the low budget domestic films were classified as UK independent films.

 

Table 2 – Number of features produced in the UK, 2008 – 2013

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Co-productions

30

38

36

46

45

36

Domestic UK features

231

258

303

264

242

166

of which budgets >=£500,000

83

89

78

87

65

62

of which budgets <£500,000

148

169

225

177

177

104

Inward investment feature films

32

37

30

36

38

37

Total

293

333

369

346

325

239

Source: BFI

 

UK and non-UK films

In 2013, UK films accounted for £991 million out of a total UK spend of £1,075 million, as shown in Table 3. This reflects the fact that most inward investment films that started principal photography in 2013 were UK-qualifying films.

 

Table 3 – UK spend of UK and non-UK features produced in the UK, 2008 – 2013, £ million

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Non-UK films

24.3

47.7

21.9

43.3

28.1

83.7

UK films

697.8

1,067.6

1,266.8

1,281.8

917.0

991.3

Total

722.1

1,115.3

1,288.7

1,325.1

945.1

1,074.9

Source: BFI

Data are rounded to the nearest £0.1m so may not sum exactly to the totals shown.

UK films are those that are certified as UK or are de facto UK films by virtue of being made in whole or part in the UK by UK production companies.

 

Non-UK films are films that are produced and financed by overseas companies and are not certified as UK films.

 

Table 4 shows the production numbers for UK and non-UK films in 2008-2013. Of 239 films tracked in 2013, 232 were UK films; 7 were non-UK films. This was a decrease of 86 films from 2012. However, this number may be revised upward as more information on low budget films comes to hand.

 

Table 4 – Number of UK and non-UK features produced in the UK, 2008 – 2013

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Non-UK films

16

25

7

20

8

7

UK films

277

308

362

326

317

232

Total

293

333

369

346

325

239

Source: BFI

See notes to Table 3.

 

Download the BFI Research and Statistics Unit releases covering the UK box office in 2013, film production in the UK in 2013, and British film certification in 2013 here: http://www.bfi.org.uk/education-research/film-industry-statistics-research/official-statistics-release-calendar

 

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